Harzard Mitigation FAQs
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is the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program?
under Section 404 of the Stafford Act, the Hazard
Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) administered by the
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provides
grants to States, and States to eligible applicants, to
implement long-term hazard mitigation measures after a
major disaster declaration. The purpose of the program
is to reduce the loss of life and property due to
natural disasters and to enable mitigation measures to
be implemented during the immediate recovery from a
is eligible to apply?
Mitigation Grant Program funding is only available to
applicants that reside within a Presidentially declared
disaster area. Eligible applicants include:
State and local governments
Federally Recognized Tribal Nations
Certain non-profit organizations (Private
non-profits that perform a government function)
result of the Disaster
Mitigation Act of 2000: Local Mitigation Plans must be
FEMA approved prior to approval of project funds.
Individual homeowners and businesses may not apply
directly to the program;
however a community may apply on their behalf.
types of projects can be funded by the HMGP?
HMGP funds may
be used to fund projects that will reduce or eliminate
losses from future disasters. Projects must provide a
long-term solution to a problem, for example, elevation
of a home to reduce the risk of flood damages as opposed
to buying sandbags and pumps to fight the flood. In
addition, a project's potential savings must be more
than the cost of implementing the project. Funds may be
used to protect either public or private property or to
purchase property that has been subjected to, or is in
danger of, repetitive damage.
projects include, but are not limited to:
of real property for willing sellers and demolition or
relocation of buildings to convert the property to open
structures and facilities to minimize damages from high
winds, earthquake, flood, wildfire, or other natural
of flood prone structures
and initial implementation of vegetative management
flood control projects that do not duplicate the flood
prevention activities of other Federal agencies
flood control projects that are designed specifically to
protect critical facilities
building code related activities that support building
code officials during the reconstruction process
are potential projects selected and identified?
administrative plan governs how projects are selected
for funding. However, proposed projects must meet
certain minimum criteria. These criteria are designed to
ensure that the most cost-effective and appropriate
projects are selected for funding. Both the law and the
regulations require that the projects are part of an
overall mitigation strategy for the disaster area.
prioritizes and selects project applications developed
and submitted by local jurisdictions. The State forwards
applications consistent with State mitigation planning
objectives to FEMA for eligibility review. Funding for
this grant program is limited and States and local
communities must make difficult decisions as to the most
effective use of grant funds.
are the minimum project criteria?
There are five
issues you must consider when determining the
eligibility of a proposed project.
your project conform to your State's Hazard Mitigation
your project provide a beneficial impact on the disaster
area? i.e. the State
your application meet the environmental requirements?
your project solve a problem independently?
your project cost-effective?
much money is available in the HMGP?
The amount of
funding available for the HMGP under a particular
disaster declaration is limited. The program may provide
a State with up to 7.5 percent of the total disaster
grants awarded by FEMA. FEMA can fund up to 75% of the
eligible costs of each project. The sub-grantee must
provide a 25% match, which can be fashioned from a
combination of cash and in-kind sources. Funding from
other Federal sources cannot be used for the 25% share
with one exception. Funding provided to States under the
Community Development Block Grant program from the
Department of Housing and Urban Development can be used
to meet the non-federal share requirement.
do I apply for the HMGP?
disaster declaration, the State will advertise that HMGP
funding is available to fund mitigation projects in the
State. Those interested in applying to the HMGP should
contact their local government to begin the application
process. Local governments should contact their State
Hazard Mitigation Officer.
is the deadline for applying for HMGP funds?
for mitigation projects are encouraged as soon as
possible after the disaster occurs so that opportunities
to do mitigation are not lost during reconstruction. The
State will set a deadline for application submittal. You
should contact your State Hazard Mitigation Officer for
specific application dates.
long will it take to get my project approved?
important for applicants to understand the approval
process. Once eligible projects are selected by the
State, they are forwarded to the FEMA Regional Office
where they are reviewed to ensure compliance with
Federal laws and regulations. One such law is the
National Environmental Policy Act, passed by Congress in
1970, which requires FEMA to evaluate the potential
environmental impacts of each proposed project. The time
required for the environmental review depends on the
complexity of the project.
I be forced to sell my home if my community is granted
funding for an HMGP acquisition project?
projects funded under the HMGP are voluntary and
you are under no obligation to sell your home.
Communities consider other options when preparing
projects, but it may be determined by State and local
officials that the most effective mitigation measure in
a location is the acquisition of properties and the
removal of residents and structures from the hazard
area. Despite the effectiveness of property
acquisitions, it may not make you or your family whole
again. Acquisition projects are based on the principle
of fair compensation for property. Property acquisitions
present owners with an opportunity to recoup a large
part of their investment in property that probably has
lost some, if not most of its value due to damage. But,
it will not compensate you or your family for your
entire emotional and financial loss.
didn't I receive HMGP funds when some of my neighbors
The HMGP is
administered by the State, which prioritizes and selects
project applications developed and submitted by local
jurisdictions. The State forwards applications
consistent with State mitigation planning objectives to
FEMA for eligibility review. Although individuals may
not apply directly to the State for assistance, local
governments may sponsor an application on their behalf.
Funding for the grant program is limited and States and
local communities must make difficult decisions as to
the most effective use of available grant funds.
someone be able to rebuild and make a profit on the
property I sell in an HMGP acquisition project?
Stafford Act, any land purchased with HMGP funds must be
restricted to open space, recreational, and wetlands
management uses in perpetuity. Most often, a local
government takes responsibility, but even if a State or
Federal Agency takes ownership of the land, the deed
restrictions still apply.
there a difference between HMGP, Flood Mitigation
Assistance (FMA) and Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)
there is a difference between HMGP, FMA and PDM. For
additional information about FMA, please visit:
information about PDM, please visit
can I get more information about the HMGP?
information on the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program,