Terrorism is defined in the Code of Federal Regulations
as "the unlawful use of force and violence
To Report Threats
against persons or property to intimidate or coerce
a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof,
in furtherance of political or social objectives." When
terrorism strikes, communities may receive assistance from State
and Federal agencies operating within the existing Integrated
Emergency Management System. FEMA is the lead Federal agency for
supporting State and local response to the consequences of
terrorist attacks. The Louisiana Office of homeland Security and
Emergency Preparedness is the lead State agency for supporting
local response to the consequences of terrorist attacks.
to defensive measures used to reduce the vulnerability of people
and property to terrorist acts, while counterterrorism includes
offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, and respond to
terrorism. Within the emergency management arena, antiterrorism
is a hazard mitigation activity and counterterrorism falls
within the scope of preparedness, response and recovery.
often categorized as "domestic" or "international."
This distinction refers not to where the terrorist act takes
place but rather to the origin of the individuals or groups
responsible for it. For example, the 1995 bombing of the Murrah
Federal Building in Oklahoma City was an act of domestic
terrorism, but the attacks of September 2001 were international
in nature. For the purposes of consequence management, the
origin of the perpetrator(s) is of less importance than the
impacts of the attack on life and property; thus, the
distinction between domestic and international terrorism is less
relevant for the purposes of mitigation, preparedness, response,
and recovery than understanding the capabilities of terrorist
groups and how to respond to the impacts they can generate.